Explorer of Biological attributes England, 2000

COMMONCD County Number of Commons in Registers Registration Authority District (former) Details of fauna (where available) Description of Vegetation (Phase1 habitats) Observations on management (where available)
31009 Isle of Wight 9 Isle of Wight South Wight
31010 Isle of Wight 10 Isle of Wight South Wight
31013 Isle of Wight 13 Isle of Wight South Wight No fauna seen during survey. Much of the eastern end of the common is amenity grassland with some planted {\it Aesculus hippocastanum, Salix x chrysocoma, Carpinus} sp. (cultivated), and {\it Prunus} sp. On the other side of a small car park there is a drain and tarmac path under the shade of {\it Aesculus hippocastanum} and some {\it Ulmus procera}. There is occasional {\it Sambucus nigra} and ground flora of {\it Urtica dioica, Anthriscus sylvestris, Hedera helix, Arum maculatum, Heracleum sphondylium}. The ditch supports {\it Carex pendula, Filipendula ulmaria, Oenanthe crocata, Epilobium hirsutum, Glyceria maxima, Rorippa} sp. {\it Holcus lanatus}. Grassland mown.
31016 Isle of Wight 16 Isle of Wight South Wight
31017 Isle of Wight 17 Isle of Wight South Wight
31018 Isle of Wight 18 Isle of Wight South Wight
31020 Isle of Wight 20 Isle of Wight Medina Birds seen during survey: Wood pigeon, Wren, Chaffinch. Butterflies: Peacock, Large White. The 4 eastern parts of the common (which is in 5 sections) are managed as amenity grassland. There is a car park and children's play area near the centre of this area. A large population of {\it Chamaemelum nobile} is found here. The Ecology Officer of Isle of Wight council reports that the area has a 'flora similar to many of the New Forest greens today'. The western edge (north of 'Wayside') includes a small wooded area of {\it Quercus robur, and coppiced {\it Salix} sp. The under storey includes {\it Ilex aquifolium, Buddleja} sp. {\it Prunus laurocerasus} and ground flora includes {\it Urtica dioica, Digitalis purpurea, Holcus lanatus, Geranium robertianum, Eupatorium cannabinum, Sonchus asper, Artemesia vulgaris, Senecio jacobaea, Plantago major, Mentha aquatica, Solanum dulcamara}. At the time of survey the open area of West Green supported substantial tall ruderal species such as {\it Rubus fruticosus, Eupatorium cannabinum, Cirsium} spp. {\it Senecio jacobaea, Urtica dioica, Juncus inflexus, Pulicaria dysenterica, Scrophularia nodosa, Epilobium} spp. The woodland downslope is damp {\it Quercus robur} woodland with {\it Corylus avellana, Salix} sp. {\it Acer pseudoplatanus}. Ground species include {\it Ulex europaeus, Rubus fruticosus, Lonicera peryclymenum, Hedera helix, Circaea lutetiana, Ligustrum vulgare, Phyllitis scolopendrium, Dryopteris dilitata, Arum maculatum, Iris pseudocors, Aegpodium podograria}. There are some planted exotics. The southern side is more scrub with species such as {\it Salix} sp. {\it Corylus avellana, Crataegus monogyna}. Grasslands mown (population of {\it Chamaemelum nobile} appears to thrive). Some woodland management in hand, obstructions removed, brushwood left.
32001 Kent 1 Kent Tonbridge and Mallin Birds seen during survey: Wood pigeon, Whitethroat, Blackcap. Fox, rabbit, Grey squirrel. By the Long Mill Lane lies an area of amenity grassland which is mown by the council. The main body of the common is woodland of {\it Quercus robur} and {\it Betula pendula}. Understorey species include {\it Prunus spinosa, Corylus avellana, Crataegus monogyna, Sambucus nigra, Salix} sp. and ground flora species include {\it Urtica dioica, Rubus fruticosus, Glechoma hederacea, Hedera helix, Mercuralis perennis, Cirsium} sp. {\it Bellis perennis, Cerastium holostoides, Hyacinthoides non-scripta, Stellaria dioica, Dryopteris filix-mas, Plantago major}. The western end of the common supports scrub that includes {\it Fraxinus excelsior} with trees of the same by the road. The Napps common was 'damaged' by the hurricane of 1987 with considerable work put in by local council to make area safe. Some recent replanting in cleared areas. The bridleways are well-used probably due to a local riding school. There is a garden waste dumping problem.
32004 Kent 4 Kent Shepway Birds seen during survey: Goldfinches, Wood pigeon, Thrush, Robin, Kestrel, Chaffinch, Great Tit. The northern end of the common has a pond that is overshaded and clogged with tall emergent vegetation. There is also a small pond on the north eastern side of the common with {\it Juncus effusus, Polygonum persicaria, Glyceria fluitans} and edged with {\it Chamerion angustifolium, Solidago virgaurea}. These ponds are set in semi-natural neutral grassland with some {\it Pteridium aquilinum}. The semi-natural neutral grassland that makes up a large proportion of the common includes {\it Holcus lanatus, Festuca} sp.,{\it Rumex acetosa, Heracleum sphondylium, Vicia} sp. {\it Cirsium arvense, Centaurea nigra, Pteridium aquilinum}. Small areas are cut for hay (e.g. opposite Cherry Garden Farm. There are areas of dense scrub along the 'spine' of the common that include {\it Crataegus monogyna, Quercus} sp. An area of semi-natural acidic grassland with some heath species lies east of the main road that passes through the common. {\it Calluna vulgaris} patches are found in acid grassland with some {\it Ulex europaeus, Cytisus scoparius}. Acidic grassland is also found (though without observed heath species) opposite Mead Farm. The southern parts of the common have large areas that are excluded from the common. Remaining common areas support neutral grassland and islands of scrub (sometimes dense) and substantial {\it Pteridium aquilinum}. Some areas mown for amenity. Signs and SNCI records refer to grazing.
32009 Kent 9 Kent Rochester upon Medwa Magpie, Starlings. Halling Common is semi-improved grassland with some isolated, grazed scrub species such as {\it Crataegus monogyna}. Marsh areas that support {\it Scirpus maritimus, Juncus} sp. are often fringed by scrub of {\it C. monogyna, P. spinosa, Rosa canina, Rubus fruticosus}. The fields include much {\it Senecio jacobaea, Cirsium vulgare, Achillea millefolium, Urtica dioica, Taraxacum} sp. Managed by grazing.
32011 Kent 11 Kent Sevenoaks Birds seen during survey: Jay, Blackbird, Wood pigeon, Robin, Chaffinch, Great Tits, Magpie. Nightjars recorded from the site. Bats recorded: {\it Myotis mystacinus, M. brandti, M. daubentoni, M. natteri, Plecotus auritus}. From the car park near the northern limit of the common, verge grass and a few planted trees are evident. The broad-leaved woodland found to the east of the car park includes mature coppice of {\it Acer pseudoplatanus, Fagus sylvatica, Quercus robur} with occasional conifers. There is a small area of pine plantation. {\it Hyacinthoides non-scripta, Ranunculus ficaria, Aegopodium podograria, Arum maculatum, Urtica dioica} much in evidence. There is an excavated ragstone quarry entrance with barred entrance which may provide habitat for bat roosts. This feature forms the main basis for the designation of part of this common as Westerham Mines SSSI. Near Valance End the woodland/scrub has been cut back due to power lines and {\it P. aquilinum} is abundant here with regenerating scrub. Near French Street lies some scrub with {\it Salix} sp. {\it Taxus baccata, Berberous darwinii, Pteridium aquilinum}. The main body of the woodland is broad-leaved and mixed woodland with 70 per cent storm damage. Species present include {\it Quercus robur, Fagus sylvatica, Betula pendula, Pinus sylvestris}. Paths support acidic grassland with {\it Deschampsia flexuosa, Agrostis capillaris}. There is substantial {\it Vaccinium myrtillus} in many parts of the common and some {\it Calluna vulgaris} which indicates former heathland. West of the two long areas excluded from the common lie bryophyte-rich banks ({\it Mnium hornum}) with a line of well-developed {\it Fagus sylvatica}. Across Hosey Common Rd. lies {\it Quercus robur} dominated wood with understorey including {\it Coryllus avellana, Ilex aquifolium} and substantial {\it Pteridium aquilinum}. Let regeneration continue undisturbed. Leave deadwood for invertebrates. Maintain protection of old ragstone mines for bats.
32012 Kent 12 Kent Sevenoaks Birds seen during survey: Blackbird, Green woodpecker, Chaffinches, Magpie, Wood pigeon. Paths from a car park by the sharp bend at the northernmost point of the common leads to damp {\it Fraxinus excelsior, Betula} sp. woodland with some understorey of {\it Corylus avellana} and ground flora species that include {\it Vaccinium myrtillus, Deschampsia flexuosa} a good bryophyte growth e.g. {\it Mnium hornum}. This section of common north of Mariners Hill is mixed wood with {\it Pinus sylvestris, Quercus} sp. {\it Fagus sylvatica, Castanea sativa}. There is much {\it Betula} sp. regeneration after storm damage (1987) with patches of {\it V. myrtillus, C. vulgaris} and much {\it Pteridium aquilinum, Rubus fruticosus, Lonicera periclymenum}. There is invasion of {\it Rhododendron ponticum} and some occasional small {\it Taxus baccata}. The larger section of common is similar in species, with age and stage of development depending on degree of storm damage. Some central areas are clear of high woodland and have regenerating scrub. A large area of the centre and northern side has very substantial invasion of {\it Rhododendron ponticum}. A trackway from a small dwelling on the northern side (OS Grid Ref. 44405195) has damp sides with species such as {\it Dicranum majus, Thuidium tamariscinum, Blechnum spicant, Anemone nemorosa, Ajuga reptans, Calluna vulgaris} and liverworts. Woodland south of Kent Hatch Rd. is steep-sloped and supports large {\it Fraxinus excelsior, Fagus sylvatica, Quercus robur} and {\it Salix} sp. {\it Corylus avellana, Sambucus nigra}. Allow post-storm regeneration to continue with little disturbance. Control {\it Rhododendron ponticum} or at least keep to current area.
32013 Kent 13 Kent Sevenoaks Birds seen during survey: Chaffinches, Starlings, Wood pigeon. Rabbits. The area of acid grassland east of Farley Lane includes {\it Galium saxatile, Deschampsia flexuosa, Agrostis canina, Holcus lanatus, Luzula multiflora, Campanula rotundifolia, Centaurea nigra, Carex} sp. and bryophytes such as {\it Rhytidiadelphus squarrosus}. There are patches of {\it Ulex europaeus}. The grassland is edged by broad-leaved woodland with {\it Quercus robur, Prunus spinosa, Crataegus monogyna, Ligustrum vulgare, Ilex aquifolium}. Ground flora species here include {\it Teucrium scorodonia, Hedera helix, Mercuralis perennis, Lonicera periclymenum, Anthriscus sylvestris}. Grassland on the west of Farley Lane is more neutral 'road verge' grass with {\it Glechoma hederacea, Ranunculus} spp. {\it Hypochoeris radicata, Veronica} sp. The section of common north of Gotley is {\it Quercus robur/Betula} sp. woodland with some storm damage and thus much deadwood. Regeneration includes some young {\it Fagus sylvatica} and planted {\it Q. robur, Q, cerris} and {\it Liriodendron tulipifera}. Most of the latter have died. Ground flora is limited by shading but includes {\it Hyacinthoides non-scripta, Pteridium aquilinum, Chamerion angustifolium, Teucrium scorodonia, Cytisus scoparius}. The woodland on the due-west facing side of the common is of {\it Quercus robur, Acer pseudoplatanus} with understorey of {\it Ilex aquifolium, Malus sylvestrus, Salix} sp. and {\it Sambucus nigra}. There are extensive seedlings of {\it Acer pseudoplatanus}. Acidic grassland should be maintained by restraining scrub. Planted trees will need after-care.
32016 Kent 16 Kent Sevenoaks Birds seen during survey: Wood pigeon, Jay, Chaffinch, Blue tit. Grey squirrel, Fox. The SSSI citation for Oldbury and Seal Chart records interest for Hymenoptera (e.g. {\it Andrena fucata, A. lapponica} and Mollusca {\it Limax tenellus, Phenacolumax major}. Most of Seal Chart is acidic {\it Quercus petraea} woodland, both ancient and secondary}. The wider Oldbury and Seal Chart SSSI is noted for ' an outstanding assemblage of fungi ....numbering over 250 species and including several tht are rare or scarce in Britain. Characteristic communities of invertebrates and bryophytes also occur'. The area east of Saxby's Road and north of the Maidstone Road is mixed acidic woodland {\it Quercus petraea} and {\it Pinus sylvestris} with substantial {\it Vaccinium myrtillus, Pteridium aquilinum, Rubus fruticosus}. There are a few planted trees in tubes. Nearer the Maidstone Road, the wood is broad-leaved of {\it Q. petraea, Betula pendula} with some invasion of {\it Rhododendron ponticum}. In some areas there is substantial understorey of {\it Ilex aquifolium} There are patches of relict heath with {\it Calluna vulgaris} and {\it Ulex europaeus} by paths. Old banks support good bryophyte growth e.g. {\it Mnium hornum}. West of Waterden is an overshaded pond with {\it Glyceria fluitans} with substantial {\it Salix} sp. in and around the pond. East of Waterden lies a small area of grassland and tall ruderal species ({\it Pteridium aquilinum, Chamerion angustifolium}. A small section of the common west of CL 38 is highly storm affected with vigorous {\it Betula} sp. and {\it Salix} sp. regeneration with {\it Ulex europaeus}. The area south of the Maidstone Rd. near Chart Warren was only viewed from the road but clearly is broad-leaved {\it Quercus petraea/Betula pendula} woodland with small area of planted trees near the road. Between the A25 and the covered reservoir lies a plantation of {\it P. sylvestris}. with, according to records, invasion of {\it R. ponticum}. Much of the area SW of Saxbys is pine plantation with reduced ground flora and at least one area of bare eroded ground. A small pond by the A25 (included in the common but within a large excluded area) is highly shaded by {\it Salix} spp. Redhill Wood supports mature {\it Q. petraea, Betula pendula} within a matrix of coppiced and regenerating (post 1987 storm) {\it Betula pendula} scrub. There is substantial {\it Pinus sylvestris} (especially nearer Church Rd.) with some {\it Sorbus aucuparia}. Ground flora species include {\it Vaccinium myrtillus, Calluna vulgaris, Pteridium aquilinum, Rubus fruticosus}. A small area of the common on Cone Hill to the south of Redhill Wood is mostly {\it Q. petraea/Betula pendula} storm affected wood with regenerating {\it Betula pendula} and {\it Sorbus aucuparia}. Ground flora of {\it V. myrtillus, R. fruticosus, Solidago virgaurea}. The triangle of common east of Styants Wood is {\it Quercus/Fagus sylvatica} woodland with some {\it P. sylvestris} in the more central parts. Understorey trees include {\it Ilex aquifolium} and {\it Sorbus aucuparia} with {\it Ulex europaeus} and {\it Cytisus scoparius} near the southern road. Ground flora is sparse due to shading in many areas but there is {\it V. myrtillus} and more open glades have {\it Pteridium aquilinum, R. fruticosus}. An old pond at the northernmost point of this section is overshaded sy {\it Salix} sp. and invaded by {\it Urtica dioica} and garden waste. Near the pond lies a patch of amenity grassland with some planted amenity trees {\it Picea sitchensis, Populus tremula} and some (treated) {\it Fallopia japonica}. Some tree-planting was done after the 1987 storm but is generally not as successful as natural regeneration. Ponds on the common are in need of reinstatement. Preservation of the remnants of former heathland a priority.
32017 Kent 17 Kent Sevenoaks Wood pigeon, Wren, Thrush. Rare bees and wasps in sand quarry at southern end. The southern end of the common by Stone Street Rd. has woodland of {\it Betula pendula, Acer pseudoplatanus, Fagus sylvatica}.The southwestern point of the common has {\it Quercus} sp.,{\it Castanea sativa, Ilex aquifolium} woodland. The owner of the sand quarry area has fenced along the road. A bridleway passes from Stone Street Rd upslope through woodland of {\it Castanea sativa, Betula} sp. {\it Pinus sylvestris} with ground flora of {\it Calluna vulgaris, Pteridium aquilinum, Hypnum cupressiforme}. The woodland along the path at the top of the slope is mostly of {\it Quercus robur} with some {\it Castanea sativa, Rhododendron ponticum, Betula pendula, Ulex europaeus, Salix} sp. Grass/heath by earth banks include {\it Deschampsia flexuosa, Vaccinium myrtillus, Pteridium aquilinum, Calluna vulgaris, Juncus effusus} and bryophytes. Path maintained. {\it Rhododendron ponticum} invasion a potential problem. The sand quarry at southern end supports habitat for rare bees and wasps.
32018 Kent 18 Kent Sevenoaks
32019 Kent 19 Kent Sevenoaks Birds seen during survey: Wood pigeon, Great-Spotted Woodpecker, Chaffinches. Bitchett Common has acidic soils with a predominant tree cover of {\it Quercus petraea} and {\it Fagus sylvatica} (NVC W15). Old coppice of {\it Betula pendula} is present and also some {\it Castanea sativa}. Understorey species include {\it Corylus avellana, Ilex aquifolium, Taxus baccata, Sorbus aria, Sorbus aucuparia}. Ground flora is acidic with {\it Pteridium aquilinum, Rubus fruticosus, Calluna vulgaris, Vaccinium myrtillus, Galium saxatile}. A small area of acidic grassland is noted on the western side of the site and includes {\it Galium saxatile, Rhytidiadelphus} sp., {\it Prunella vulgaris, Teucrium scorodonium} which is rabbit grazed. Bitchett Common was affected by storm damage (1987) and there has been some replanting. Coppiced {\it Castanea sativa} present.
32020 Kent 20 Kent Sevenoaks Birds seen during survey: Wren, Crows, Blackbird, Jay, Greater-Spotted woodpecker. A pond lies at the SW corner of the common which includes species such as {\it Menyanthes aquatica, Nymphea alba, Typha latifolia, Cressula helmsii, Juncus effusus, Glyceria maxima, Polygonum hydropiper}. The woodland of the common is semi-improved broadleaved woodland with a few {\it Pinus sylvestris} in some areas. Much of the standing trees are of {\it Fagus sylvatica, Quercus robur, Quercus petraea, Castanea sativa}. There is much regeneration since the 1987 storm as well as planting. Natural regeneration includes much {\it Betula} sp. but also {\it Acer pseudoplatanus, Castanea sativa, Prunus avium, Corylus avellana, Sorbus aria} There areas of substantial {\it Ulex europaeus}. The lichen interest was thought to be very good (F. Rose) after a 1968/9 survey though whether this is sustained is unknown as some of the old trees that support rarer lichens have disappeared. Some roadside banks support acidic grassland species such as {\it Galium saxatile, Teucrium scorodonia} with some {\it Calluna vulgaris}. Restoration post 1987 storm. Some planted and tube-protected trees. Fallen wood and sawn wood left for invertebrate conservation for which Knole Park is well known.
32021 Kent 21 Kent Sevenoaks Mallards in pond. Godden Green common consists of amenity grasslands around the village of Godden Green, some of which are mown. Some sides of the common are edged by scrub and some standards. A pond near the pub supports {\it Typha latifolia, Iris pseudocorus} with recently pollarded {\it Salix}. Pond maintainance and aftercare in hand. Some grassland mown and recent tree planting.
32022 Kent 22 Kent Canterbury
32026 Kent 26 Kent Canterbury
32027 Kent 27 Kent Tunbridge Wells
32028 Kent 28 Kent Tunbridge Wells Birds seen during survey: Blackbirds, Thrush, Wood pigeon, Chaffinches, Wren. The section of common near 'The Swan' is mown amenity grassland. The section marked Lamberhurst Down on the map includes some amenity grassland with planted trees such as {\it Aesculus hippocastanum, Fagus sylvatica, Betula pendula, Quercus robur, Crataegus monogyna} and some woodland of {\it Quercus robur, Acer pseudoplatanus, Fraxinus excelsior}. The pond/lakes support {\it Glyceria maxima, Alisma plantago-aquatica, Juncus effusus, Ulex europaeus, Coryllus avellana, Salix} sp. at the fringes. The open water supports {\it Potamogeton polygonifolius, Typha latifolia, Sparganum} sp. {\it Lycopus europaeus, Mentha aquatica}. Northern part of the common are woodland of {\it Quercus robur, Fraxinus excelsior, Coryllus avellana} with ground flora of tall grasses, {\it Urtica dioica, R. fruticosus, Lythrum salicaria, Chamerion angustifolium}. There are small pockets of waste ground with tall ruderal species. Amenity areas mown. Ponds appear well maintained. Minor waste dumping needs attention.
32029 Kent 29 Kent Tunbridge Wells Birds seen during survey: Pheasant, Blackbird, Wood pigeon, Great Tits. The easternmost point of the smaller section of common includes mown amenity grassland with a few planted trees ({\it Aesculus hippocastanum}). The rest of this section is mown grassland under young {\it Quercus robur} and {\it Fraxinus excelsior}. The SE facing side of the larger section of common includes some acid grassland areas that support {\it Achillea millefolium, Galium saxatile, Dactylis glomerata, Cirsium} sp., {\it Arrhenatherum elatius, Deschampsia flexuosa, Centaurea nigra, Potentilla anserina, Sonchus asper} and a patch of {\it Cruciata laevipes}. The area is surrounded by scrub of {\it Crataegus monogyna, Betula pendula, Quercus robur} and large amounts of {\it Pteridium aquilinum}. The main part of this section of common is woodland of {\it Quercus robur, Betula pendula}. The ground flora is sparse due to shading but is dominated by {\it P, aquilinum, R. fruticosus}. A ditch at the southern end near 'Durrants' supports substantial {\it Urtica dioica,} and {\it Symphytum officinale}. The western side of Hook Green includes scrub {\it Q.robur, Betula} sp. with some {\it Ulex europaeus}. There is a small area of {\it Pinus sylvestris}. Amenity grassland areas are mown but no apparent woodland management.
32030 Kent 30 Kent Tunbridge Wells Birds seen during the survey: Blackbird, Jay, Wren. The common is divided into 4 sections by minor roads. It is probably former open grasslands. The northernmost section is an area of substantial {\it Urtica dioica, Rubus fruticosus} edged by young {\it Quercus robur, Betula} sp. There are old banks by the road. The section on the NW side of the whole common is young even-aged broad-leaved woodland of {\it Betula pendula, Castanea sativa, Aesculus hippocastanum, Acer pseudoplatanus} with a shaded ground flora of {\it Hedera helix, Rubus fruticosus, Pteridium aquilinum}. The larger southern sections of the common are more woodlands that are usually dominated by {\it Quercus robur} with some {\it Acer pseudoplatanus} to the northern edges. Ground flora species include {\it Deschampsia flexuosa, Galium saxatile, Mnium hornum, Solidago virgaurea, Stachys officinalis, Teucrium scorodonia, Hyacinthoides non-scripta, Geranium robertianum, Hypnum cupressiforme, Polytrichum commune, Plagiothecium} sp. {\it Pteridium aquilinum, Melica uniflora, Melampyrum pratense}. Kent County Wildlife Survey mentions recent coppice of {\it Coryllus avellana}. No evidence of active management.
32031 Kent 31 Kent Tunbridge Wells
32033 Kent 33 Kent Dover Birds seen during survey: Jay, Greater Spotted Woodpecker, Magpie. Grey Squirrel. Speckled wood and Large White butterflies. Most of Scotland Common is broad-leaved semi-natural woodland that includes coppice, and standards of a variety of species. The western arm of the common is mostly woodland of {\it Q. robur, Fraxinus excelsior} and some old {\it Coryllus avellana} coppice. Understorey species include {\it Sambucus nigra, Ulex europaeus} and ground flora species are found such as {\it Galium aparine, Rubus fruticosus, Urtica dioica, Hedera helix, Silene dioica, Hyacinthoides non-scripta, Dryopteris dilitata, Bryonia dioica, Brachypodium sylvaticum, Geum urbanum}. The area north of Hillmere is 'scrubbier' and may have had hurricane damage from 1987. The scrub {\it Crataegus monogyna, Prunus spinosa} is sometimes very thick with consequently sparse ground flora. The main body - the area labelled Scotland Common is mature broad-leaf woodland with much {\it Quercus robur, Acer pseudplatanus}. The woodlands of this SSSI are recorded as species-rich, but this was less evident at the late time of survey. The wood/scrub is cut down under power lines that pass through the SE side of the site. Coppicing could be re-instated to revive ground flora in some areas.
32034 Kent 34 Kent Dartford Birds seen during survey: Magpie, Great Tit, Song Thrish, Starlings, Green Woodpeckers. Sections of the common south of the A2: South of Old Bexley Lane there is scrub/wood of {\it Prunus spinosa, Sambucus nigra, Crataegus monogyna, Ilex aquifolium, Acer pseudoplatanus, Ulex europaeus, Cytisus scoparius}. Ground flora includes substantial {\it Hedera helix} and some non-native {\it Symphoricarpos alba}. North of Old Bexley Lane lies a mosaic of acidic grassland and dry heath with {\it Rumex acetosella, Achillea millefolium, Lamium purpureum, Plantago lanceolata, Deschampsia flexuosa, Taraxacorum} sp. ,{\it Agrostis} sp. Old banks support good bryophyte growth. A depression near the middle is probably an old pond. There is a scattered scrub of {\it Quercus robur, Crataegus monogyna}. Alongside Denton Rd. lies an area of rabbit-grazed acidic grassland used for recreation. North of The Dell a path winds through {\it Ulmus procera} scrub and {\it Crataegus monogyna}. Ground flora includes {\it Hedera helix, Galium aparine, Hyacinthoides non-scripta, Anthriscus sylvestris}. Old motorbikes dumped here. The {\it Ulmus} scrub grades to {\it Betula pendula} scrub and thence woodland of {\it Quercus robur, Betula pendula} (CL 157). The area north of Heath Side is a recently more open area (affected by recent fire according to local resident) which is now scrub-invaded ({\it Betula pendula, Crataegus monogyna, Prunus spinosa, Quercus robur}). Ground flora includes substantial {\it Pteridium aquilinum, Lonicera periclymenum}. A 'ride' running north-south is edged by planted {\it Betula pendula}. Near Leyton Cross there are areas of amenity/road verge grassland. North of Oakfield Lane lies {\it Quercus robur} woodland with understorey of {\it C. monogyna} and (sometimes burnt) {\it Ulex europaeus} and an amenity grassland recreation ground with small car park. Sections of the common north of the A2: South of Heath Lane lies an area of woodland that contains an area of heath. Nearer the A2 is woodland of {\it Quercus robur/Fraxinus excelsior} with {\it Crataegus monogyna, Prunus spinosa, Hedera helix, Lonicera periclymenum, Prunus avium}. There are some more open areas of {\it Pteridium aquilinum}. The central part has been 'de-scrubbed' by coppicing and burning to enhance heath and acidic grassland habitat. The largest section of the common includes concrete tracks, a model aircraft flying area and (towards the north) undulating ground much used by cyclists. The latter area also has patches of (temporary?) open water. The area is a mosaic of heath, scrub (mostly {\it Ulex europaeus}), and acidic grassland. South of Rochester Way is woodland that is usually {\it Betula} sp. but sometimes {\it Quercus} dominated. There are 'rides' of acidic grassland and occasional areas where previous heath species survive ({\it Calluna vulgaris, Ulex europaeus}). The most northerly section of Dartford Heath common is amenity, recreation grassland with (south of Bowman's Cottage) some unmown acidic grassland and recently planted trees. Warden appointed for Dartford Borough Council. Groundwork also involved. Management plan in preparation. Winter Volunteer programme. Management centred around reduction of scrub encroachment, fire prevention, trials to re-instate heath vegetation. Booklets and newsletters published. The site is in a Stewardship scheme (Countryside Commission).
32035 Kent 35 Kent Tunbridge Wells Birds seen during survey: Wood pigeon, Chaffinches, Green Woodpecker, Jay, Magpie, Nuthatch, Treecreeper, Great Tit, Canada Geese, Mallards. Grey squirrel. Recorded: Grass Snake, Greater-spotted woodpecker, Spotted flycatcher and over 50 other birds. Purple Hairstreak butterfly. Much of the woodland is {\it Quercus} woodland with some ancient trees and substantial {\it Vaccinium myrtillus} characteristic of acid soils of this sandstone ridge. North of the Church and College, the wood has understorey of {\it Ilex aquifolium, Prunus laurocerasus} and ground flora of {\it Mercuralis perennis, Hedera helix, Hyacinthoides non-scripta}. The main wood has a few areas of substantial {\it Calluna vulgaris} although these have invasive {\it Betula pendula} and sometimes {\it Ulex europaeus}. Damper areas have {\it Juncus} sp. cover and occasional {\it Carex pendula}. The Cricket ground and the northern end of the part of the common that is north of Holden Road have amenity grassland, which in the latter case blends into scrub and then woodland further towards Holden House. Near Holden House lies a large amenity pond with small amounts of {\it Glyceria maxima, Iris pseudocorus, Salix x chrysocoma, Iris pseudocorus}. Managed by Kent High Weald Project. Remains of heath areas need protection from scrub invasion.
32036 Kent 36 Kent Tunbridge Wells
32037 Kent 37 Kent Shepway Dragonfly records of note: {\it Coenagrion puella, Ischnea elegans, Coenagrion puella}. Moths recorded: {\it Synanthedon spheciformis} (white-barred clearwing), and {\it Eustrotia uncula} (Silver Hook). Birds recorded during survey: Chaffinch, Thrush, Magpie. Gibbins Brook is surveyed by previous studies extensively to Phase II. NVC communities identified include: Woodlands/scrub: W1,W4c,W5c,W6d,W7a,W10a,W10b,W16a,W21a.W22a,W24a,W24b,W25a. Mesotrophic grasslands: MG1b, MG1e,MG7f,MG10a. Calcifugous grasslands and montane communities: U4b, U20a. Mire communities: M22a, M23a, M27b. Swamp and Tall Herb Fen communities: S10, S12, S14, S22. A plant list derived in 1994 (Hodd) found 163 species. The valley bog area from The Stormes to the central area of Gibbins Brook includes {\it Typha latifolia, Epilobium} sp. {\it Stellaria graminea, Chamerion angustifolium, Angelica sylvestris, Heracleum sphondylium, Holcus lanatus, Juncus articulatus, Juncus conglomeratus, Lotus uliginosus, Ranunculus repens, Rumex acetosa, Dactylorhiza maculata}. South of the road {\it Molinia caerulea, Sphagnum} spp. {\it Polytrichum} sp. are extensive with 2 areas of {\it Menyanthes trifoliata}. A swathe of carr/wood of{\it Alnus glutinosa} with {\it Quercus robur, Salix} spp. {\it Betula} spp. lies within the common south of the minor road. Ground flora recorded before this survey include {\it Chrysosplenium oppositifolium, Iris pseudocorus, Caltha palustris, Apium nodiflorum, Cardamine pratensis, Dryopteris} sp. {\it Equisetum telmateia, Rubus fruticosus, Carex paniculata}. A pond is found at junction of minor roads with {\it Typha latifolia, Crassula helmsii} the edges of which have recently had scrub cover cut back. The pond was dry at the time of survey. Other species recorded in the past from the pond include {\it Eleocharis palustris, Equisetum} sp. {\it Potamogeton} sp. ,{\it Ranunculus} sp. A project to encourage heath habitat to regenerate has begun in this area. At the time of survey the northern areas included much {\it P. aquilinum} on semi-improved grassland with some {\it Ulex europaeus} scrub. Areas of scrub/hedgerow border the common including {\it Crataegus monogyna, Salix} sp. {\it Quercus robur}. The site is managed by White Cliffs Countryside Project. Scrub encroachment needs attention. Any pollution sources from nearby should be managed to minimize impact on the acidic valley bog - a rare habitat in Kent.
32038 Kent 38 Kent Sevenoaks No birds seen during survey. The SSSI is noted for some molluscs. The common is mostly acidic woodland of {\it Quercus petraea, Betula pendula, Ilex aquifolium} with some {\it Fagus sylvatica} and {\it Sorbus aucuparia}. Ground flora is restricted by shading but includes {\it P. aquilinum, Rubus fruticosus}. Storm damaged parts have much regeneration by {\it Betula pendula}. No active management. Regeneration from storm damage in evidence.
32039 Kent 39 Kent Sevenoaks
32040 Kent 40 Kent Sevenoaks
32041 Kent 41 Kent Maidstone Birds seen during survey: Magpie, Thrush, Chaffinch. The westernmost part of the common is amenity grassland and a car park bisected by a gully (dry) and line of scrub ({\it C.monogyna, Betula} sp.) with rank grasses. The western edge has planted {\it Fraxinus excelsior, Corylus avallana}. The grasslands on 'The Lees' include {\it Chrysanthemum vulgare, Achillea millefolium, Anthriscus sylvestris, Senecio jacobaea, Artemesia vulgaris, Centaurea nigra, Convolvulus vulgaris, Cirsium} sp. {\it Potentilla anserina, Potentilla rupestris, Rumex acetosa, Lolium perenne, Linaria vulgaris, Hypericum tetrapterum, Hypochoeris radicata, Conopodium majus, Tripleurospermum maritimum}. A ditch/gully across the grasslands supports {\it Glyceria maxima, Phragmites australis, Rorippa} sp. {\it Alliaria petiolata, Lemna} sp. {\it Impatiens glandulifera}. An area of approximately 5 year old planted trees lies near the northern side of the common and there are planted {\it Betula} sp. trees near Hampstead Lane. East of Lees Rd. lie two strips of scrub/wood with {\it F. excelsior, Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus monogyna, Salix} sp. Amenity grassland mown. Some planted trees.
32042 Kent 42 Kent Maidstone
32043 Kent 43 Kent Maidstone
32044 Kent 44 Kent Maidstone
32046 Kent 46 Kent Dover Birds recorded during survey: Wren, Crows, Jay, Great Tits, Partridges. About two-thirds of this common is arable land. However the western end includes broad-leaf woodlands of {\it Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus robur}. Understorey species include {\it Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Acer pseudoplatanus}. Within the main arable areas lies some unimproved calcareous grassland around some tumuli. Grasses here include {\it Brachypodium pinnatum,Bromus erectus} and {\it Centaurea scabiosa, Sanguisorba minor, Cirsium acaule, Avenula pratensis}. Across the centre of the common and along some of the SW facing side lies scrub/wood of {\it Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus robur} and {\it C. monogyna, Sorbus aria, Acer pseudoplatanus,Prunus spinosa}. The eastern end of the common includes two strips of unimproved chalk grassland with some emergent scrub. Most of the common is managed as arable land. Conifers referred to on OS map have been extracted.
32047 Kent 47 Kent Dover Birds seen during survey: Magpie, Wood pigeon, Wren, Thrush. The track from Ringwould is edged by {\it Urtica dioica, Rubus fruticosus, Crataegus monogyna} and one or two {\it Fraxinus excelsior}. This opens out downslope and scrub species include {\it Cornus sanguinea, Sambucus nigra}. Near the confluence of paths at the bottom of the slope there is scrub and woodland with {\it F. excelsior, Acer pseudoplatanus}. The Lynch is a partially open calcareous grassland ({\it Thymus druceii, Campanula rotundifolia, Daucus carota, Brachypodium pinnatum, Centaurea scabiosa, Sanguisorba minor, Origanum vulgare, Euphrasia officinalis, Cirsium acaule, Bromus erectus, Avenula pratensis}) and scrub of {\it P. spinosa, Taxus baccata, C. monogyna}. The western end also supports some {\it Pinus} sp. and the scrub has grown to woodland. Some reduction of scrub under power lines. Old small stone extraction pits. Scrub may help butterflies, but will need cutting back eventually.
32048 Kent 48 Kent Dover
32049 Kent 49 Kent Dover
32050 Kent 50 Kent Dover
32051 Kent 51 Kent Dover
32052 Kent 52 Kent Tonbridge and Mallin Birds seen during survey: Goldfinches, Thrush, Magpie, Starlings. The open grassland is acidic with species such as {\it Holcus lanatus, Dactylis glomerata, Urtica dioica, Agrimonis eupatoria, Rumex acetosa, Hypochoeris radicata, Centaurea nigra, Heracleum sphondylium, Achillea millefolium, Sonchus asper, Chrysanthemum leucanthemum, Trifolium pratense, Arrhenatherum elatius, Deschampsia flexuosa, Potentilla rupestris}. There is a tennis court near Upper Green Rd. There are planted {\it Salix} spp. and exotics near Stumble Hill. The southern edge of the common is tree-lined with {\it Quercus robur, Fraxinus excelsior}. Near Lady Vane Close lies some woodland with a dry and shaded old pond. The northern side of the common is broad-leaved woodland of {\it Quercus robur} with understorey of {\it Corylus avellana, Crataegus monogyna} with {\it R.fruticosus, Pulicaria dysenterica}. Amenity grasslands mown. Some new planted trees.
32053 Kent 53 Kent Tonbridge and Mallin None seen during survey. Site is now a road under construction. The eastern side (to which there was no access at the time of survey) may be unaffected and support some woodland and scrub. Road construction!
32055 Kent 55 Kent Sevenoaks
32056 Kent 56 Kent Sevenoaks
32057 Kent 57 Kent Sevenoaks
32058 Kent 58 Kent Sevenoaks Birds seen during survey: Blackbirds, Great Tit, Blue Tit. Grey squirrel. The northern part of the common is semi-improved and amenity grassland with pollarded {\it Tilia} sp. by the road. Amenity trees include {\it Prunus} sp.,{\it Acer pseudoplatanus, Fraxinus excelsior}. The common passes either side of an excluded area of housing. The Hurst includes a wide path used by walkers and horse-riders. This part of the common is {\it Quercus robur} woodland with {\it Prunus avium} (several fallen) with understorey of {\it Crataegus monogyna, Acer campestre, Coryllus avellana}. Good bryophyte growth {\it Mnium hornum, Hypnum cupressiforme} is found on old banks which define some of the common boundaries. Ground flora species include: {\it Geum urbanum, Brachypodium sylvaticum, Deschampsia cespitosa, Rubus fruticosus, Geranium robertianum, Melica uniflora, Heracleum sphondylium, Carex pendula, Urtica dioica, Pteridium aquilinum, Polygonum persicaria, Rosa canina, Tussilago farfara, Rumex acetosa, Glechoma hederacea, Hyacinthoides non-scripta, Stellaria holostea, Carex sylvaticum, Hedera helix}. The southernmost section of the common is of roadway and verge grasses. Amenity grasslands mown. Trees cut under power lines.